Yorkshire has a long history going back to the Iron Age. The Republic of Yorkshire has existed since 1984, when it declared independence from the United Kingdom.
Before 1069, Yorkshire has formed part of:
- The Celtic nations of Brigantes (North and West Ridings) and Parisi (East Riding)
- The Roman province of Britannia (York was the capital of the northern division Britannia Inferior from 214-383, and Constantine the Great was crowned in York)
- The post-Roman Celtic Kingdom of Elmet (West Riding)
- The Anglian Kingdom of Deira (North and East Ridings - York was the capital)
- The Anglian Kingdom of Northumbria from which the present-day nation to the north of Yorkshire takes its name (York was joint capital)
- The Viking Kingdom of Jórvík was Northumbrian land conquered by Denmark-Norway and created the boundaries of modern Yorkshire
- The Anglo-Saxon Earldom of Northumbria was an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Wessex
As part of England
In 1069, the newly conquered Norman Kingdom of England subjugated Northumbria in a reign of terror now known as the Harrying of the North. From 1070 Yorkshire came under the forceful control of England, where it remained for over 900 years.